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Avicenna, Canon medicinae. 2 Bde.

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"One of the most famous medical texts ever written"

Avicenna (Abu-'Ali al-Husain Ibn'Abdallah Ibn-Sina). Canon medicinae. Übers.: Gerardus Cremonensis. Komm.: Jacobus de Partibus. Mit Beig. von Ioannes Lascaris. Hrsg. von Jacques Ponceau. (Teil 2 u. 3 von 4) in 2 Bdn. (Lyon: Johann Trechsel, vollendet von Johann Klein, 24. Dezember 1498). Fol. (42:30 cm). Got. Typ. 2 Kol. Text von Kommentar umgeben. 379; 357 nn. Bll. (jeweils ohne das weiße Blatt am Schluss). Blindgeprägte Kalbldr. d. Zt. über Holzdeckeln mit zwei späteren Schließen bzw. Schließenresten; mehrere Schabstellen, etwas wurmstichig, alte Reparaturen.

Hain 2214; GW 3127; BMC VIII, 302; Goff A-1428; vgl. PMM 11 u. Garrison-M. 43. - Eines der bedeutendsten medizinischen Werke aller Zeiten. "Avicenna, an Arabian philosopher, physician, poet, courtier and politician, had perhaps a wider influence in the eastern and western hemispheres than any other Islamic thinker... The 'Canon', written in Arabic and here translated into Latin by Gerardus of Cremona, is a compendium of Greek and Muslim medical knowledge of Avicenna's time, coordinating the teachings of Galen, Hippocrates and Aristotle. It superseded all previous works - even the great medical encyclopaedia of Rhazes - and in its Latin translation became the authoritative book in all universities" (PMM). "His 'Canon' is one of the most famous medical texts ever written... It dominated the medical schools of Europe and Asia for five centuries" (GM). Vorhanden sind hier Lib. 3, Fen 1-12 u. Fen 13-22 mit der speziellen Pathologie. Ohne die Teile 1 und 4 (452 u. 142 Bll.). - Schöner, breitrandiger Druck. Stellenweise etwas gebräunt, gering fleckig, vereinzelt alte Anmerkungen, Bd. gegen Ende einige Feuchtigkeitsränder. Einige Wumlöcher u. Wurmspuren mit vereinzeltem Buchstabenverlust. Provenienz: Venator, Auktion 23/24 (1962), Nr. 15 mit Erwähnung aus dem früheren Besitz der Dombibliothek Fritzlar. Vorderer Innendeckel mit Klebespuren eines entfernten Exlibris, eingeklebter Katalogaufnahme von Venator.

                                                                                                                                 
Two complete volumes of the four-volume Latin edition of Avicenna’s magnum opus. Gerard de Cremona’s widely received translation was here edited by Jacques Ponceau with the commentaries of Jacobus de Partibus and Johannes Lascaris. – The principal writing of Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdullah ibn Sina (ca. 980-1037), the "Qanun" is the most authoritative medical text in the Islamic world. Written in Arabic, it was widely translated throughout the Middle Ages and formed the basis of medical training in the West as late as the mid-17th century. Through this encyclopedic work, the author exerted "perhaps a wider influence in the eastern and western hemispheres than any other Islamic thinker" (PMM). - The present two volumes comprise the complete Third Book, fen 1-12 and 13-22, and thus cover the principal part of the Qanun: special pathology and therapy "a capite ad calces" (from head to toe), including ailments of the ear, nose, and throat, as well as obstetrics. Volumes 1 and 4 (not present here) comprised books I (452 leaves) and book IV, fen 1 (142 leaves). - Some slight browning, some waterstaining to edges (mainly towards end of vol. 2), otherwise little staining; some worming with slight loss of letters in places, few contemporary ms. annotations. Lacking the final blank in both volumes. Contemporary full calf over wooden boards on four raised double bands, blind- and giltstamped, one volume with 2 brass clasps (and remnants on the other volume); partly worn and repaired. - Provenance: traces of removed bookplates on pastedowns. According to a pencil note on the inside front cover of the first volume, the set was removed from the Fritzlar Cathedral Library, parts of which were dispersed in 1724 and in 1803. Later sold at Venator (Cologne), sale 23/24 (1962), lot 15; old sales notice pasted to inside front cover of first volume.

 

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